Ab initio calculation of excitonic effects in realistic materials

TitleAb initio calculation of excitonic effects in realistic materials
Publication TypePalaiseau Article
Acknowledgements

None

Author Address

Albrecht, S (Reprint Author), Ecole Polytech, CEREM, Solides Irradies Lab,CEA, CNRS,URA 1380, F-91128 Palaiseau, France. Ecole Polytech, CEREM, Solides Irradies Lab,CEA, CNRS,URA 1380, F-91128 Palaiseau, France. Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Ist Nazl Fis Mat, Dipartimento Fis, I-00133 Rome, Italy.

Albrecht, S, Onida, G, Reining, L, Del Sole, R
Year of Publication1998
JournalComp. Mat. Science
Volume10
Keywordsexciton; optical absorption; ab initio calculation; condensed matter, paper
Abstract

Ab initio calculations, based on the density functional theory (DFT) in the local density approximation (LDA), allow for the description of the ground state properties of a wide class of materials. Also one-quasiparticle excitations can be obtained with good precision by adding self-energy corrections to the DFT-LDA eigenvalues. A realistic description of two-particle excitations, like the creation of electron-hole pairs in absorption experiments, is hardly feasible for systems where the electron and the hole interact. In this work we show how such excitonic effects can be included in ab initio electronic structure calculations, via the solution of an effective two-particle equation. Results for different systems are presented. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

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