Dynamical response function in sodium studied by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy

TitleDynamical response function in sodium studied by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy
Publication TypePalaiseau Article

ETSF-I3, IDRIS, Ecole Polytechnique

Huotari, S, Cazzaniga, M, Weissker, H-C, Pylkkänen, T, Müller, H, Reining, L, Onida, G, Monaco, G
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
Year of Publication2011
JournalPhys. Rev. B
Keywordsixs, paper

We present the dynamic structure factor S(Q,ω) of Na valence electrons in the range of momentum transfer 0.5kF < Q < 2.4kF and energy transfer 3 eV < ω < 30 eV determined by inelastic x-ray scattering spectroscopy. In this range, we observe how the collective plasmon excitations decay into the single-particle excitation continuum. We compare the results to calculations using time-dependent density-functional theory with different approximations. The failure of both random-phase approximation and time-dependent local-density approximation (TDLDA) is shown to become important at kF < Q < 2.4kF , while TDLDA with an additional inclusion of quasiparticle lifetime effects reproduces the experimental spectra well. The experimental valenceelectron response reaches the single-particle spectrum surprisingly early, at Q ≈ 1.5kF . This is manifested both in the spectral shape and the peak dispersion. The experimental spectra are nearly free of any fine structure, confirming that the peak-shoulder structure observed in many other materials is due to band-structure effects, which turn out to be negligible in Na.

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