Unphysical and physical solutions in many-body theories: from weak to strong correlation

TitleUnphysical and physical solutions in many-body theories: from weak to strong correlation
Publication TypePalaiseau Article

ERC Grant Agreement n 320971

Stan, A, Romaniello, P, Rigamonti, S, Reining, L, Berger, JA
Year of Publication2015
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Keywordspaper, theory

Many-body theory is largely based on self-consistent equations that are constructed in terms of the physical quantity of interest itself, for example the density. Therefore, the calculation of important properties such as total energies or photoemission spectra requires the solution of nonlinear equations that have unphysical and physical solutions. In this work we show in which circumstances one runs into an unphysical solution, and we indicate how one can overcome this problem. Moreover, we solve the puzzle of when and why the interacting Green’s function does not unambiguously determine the underlying system, given in terms of its potential, or non-interacting Green’s function. Our results are general since they originate from the fundamental structure of the equations. The absorption spectrum of lithium fluoride is shown as one illustration, and observations in the literature for some widely used models are explained by our approach. Our findings apply to both the weak and strong-correlation regimes. For the strong-correlation regime we show that one cannot use the expressions that are obtained from standard perturbation theory, and we suggest a different approach that is exact in the limit of strong interaction.